The United Nations Commission proposes to legalize marijuana
Some soft drugs Widespread legalization – such as marijuana – in conjunction with the termination of the criminal prosecution of victims of drug abuse will bring greater effect than the global war against drugs, which ,in fact, already has been lost, and though more expensive. This is the main conclusion of the report of the UN Commission authority (Global Commission on Drug Policy). The commission includes former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, former Secretary General of NATO, Javier Solana, former presidents of Mexico, Colombia, Brazil, and Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou.
“World war against drug was lost” – is clearly stated in the report. “Our minimum goal – to persuade the United States to discuss the issue in its entirety and not to persist in the policy that has exhausted itself, – declared the member of the commission, former Colombian President Cesar Gaviria. – Mexico and Colombia have to get the U.S. to enter the debate. We can not accept as an excuse to silence this issue in the U.S. election cycle. ”
The main thesis of the report – the approach to the global fight against drugs, based on the criminalization of drug trafficking and drug abuse in the spirit of the UN Single Convention on drugs of 1961 – is out of date and has proved to be ineffective: failed to reduce either production or consumption. Consumption of opium substances in the world increased from 1998 to 2008 by 35%, cocaine – 27% and marijuana – by 8.5%. The UN estimates that 250 million people in the world use illegal drugs. “It is inconceivable to consider them all as criminals” – say the report’s authors. – Prosecution and imprisonment of “tens of millions” of grassroots producers, couriers, and drug dealers does not eliminate the cause of the economic drug, but the partial legalization of soft drugs in Australia and Portugal has not led to an increase in their use “.
“End the criminalization, social isolation and condemnation of people who use drugs but do no harm others. Encourage governments experimentation of controlling drug use by law, whose purpose is to undermine the power of organized crime, and protect human health “, – the report says.
Head of the profile Department in the White House Gil Kerlikowske rejected the findings of the report and the representative for the Department of National Policy on Drugs Rafael Lemaitre said: “Drug addiction – a disease that can be successfully prevented and cured.” According to him, the U.S. policy in the area drug control is balanced and brings some success – and in any case, “if we legalize drugs, as proposed in the report, it will not make the population healthier, and the city – safer.”