Diet, exercise, daily routine and diet – this is the way to a slim figure that many people find too difficult. Will you be able to lose weight quickly through surgery? Surgery is the ultimate measure, doctors are sure. To lie down”Under the knife” makes sense only in the case of severe obesity, when the other methods have already been exhausted. What types of slimming surgery exist and what is best suited to certain patients?
Traditionally, many people believe that liposuction is a method designed to reduce obesity. However, this type of surgery is a corrective action, not a cause. And it is completely ineffective as a treatment. For people suffering from obesity, there are other types of interventions called bariatric surgery. It aims to reduce the amount of stomach and the amount of suction from it. All this leads to weight loss, correction of appetite in humans and stabilization of the results obtained in the course of comprehensive treatment.
Keep in mind that no one sends an obese patient to the surgery right away – this treatment must have strict indications. To begin with, a diet, a change in daily routine and physical activity are usually used. Sometimes psycho-correction is used. And only if all this does not help, it is worth resorting to surgery. It is usually used for patients with a body mass index greater than 35. You can use the formula to calculate your indexes: Divide the body weight (kg) by height² (m).
A lot of people are afraid of the the surgery itself and the stomach shrinkage. It seems that in 10-20 years this will lead to critical changes in health. In fact, the person who has undergone such an intervention feels healthier through this period and has a higher quality of life. In addition, this treatment increases life expectancy by 10 years.
In 95% of patients, traditional obesity treatment (diet, etc.) does not lead to desired and sustainable results. After the end of the diet or after taking special medicines, the weight inexorably returns again and becomes the cause of serious diseases – diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular problems, sleeping difficulties, hypoxia, joint damage, etc. It is difficult and, in some cases, impossible to cure them for a “heavy” patient until he gets his weight in order. Surgical methods in such a situation are best suited.
How do the surgery?
The most common procedures that allow a person to lose weight include: gastric tank, installation of a “ring” at the entrance to the stomach, longitudinal resection of the stomach (gastroplasty), gastrointestinal shunting.
The stomach cylinder is a temporary measure, i.e. it is set for a certain period (not more than 6 months) after which it should be removed. This helps to lose a little extra weight in obesity degree II and below. A balloon is a temporary measure that allows you to lose at least a little weight in preparation for a more effective operation.
Stomach tampering – this is the procedure of placing a limiting ring on the stomach inlet. It is quite effective and safe surgery. But recently, doctors began to refuse it gradually, because although it shows good results, a few years later, most patients develop complications associated with the bandage itself. As a result, it is necessary to operate again and redo everything.
One of the most popular today was the longitudinal resection of the stomach, which has been performed all over the world for more than 10 years. Most of this organ is removed, which reduces its volume, as well as the area where the hormone of hunger is produced – leptin. After such an operation, a person not only cannot eat as much food as before, but also gets a feeling of saturation much faster. The effect remains for a long time, although if a person starts to eat again over and above the measure, in 5-7 years the stomach will stretch. At the same time, it will not reach the same size. The advantage of resection is the fact that it almost does not give complications.
Gastroschunting is a rather complicated type of operation, but very effective. This type of intervention is ideal in the treatment of patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. For example, 9 out of 10 patients have diabetes symptoms gone after a gastroshunting operation, and this effect can be noticed in the first days after the operation, when a person is just beginning to lose weight. However, there are a number of limitations that the patient must be informed of.
Difficulties of choice
The choice of operation depends on many nuances and is carried out only in cooperation with a surgeon. For this purpose, the peculiarities of a person’s dietary behavior, lifestyle, concomitant diseases, as well as possible risks of intervention are taken into account. In addition, it is necessary to understand how many kilograms a person wants to lose weight. The final effect of such an intervention is achieved in a year and a half after the operation, when the weight is finally stabilized after the reduction. However, the first obvious improvements, such as the normalization of blood sugar levels, can be noted after a month or two.
The post-surgical rehabilitation period is rather short – about 3 days. However, the person needs to take care of himself – to take prescribed vitamins and trace elements, to follow the recommendations on eating and its quality.