You can see carries even on your own. As a rule, these are dark-colored spots (but there are also exceptions in the form of light tones) on the teeth. According to WHO, 100% of adults have tooth decay, 20% have severe periodontitis, and 30% of the elderly have no native teeth at all.
There’s a lot of oral diseases. But among them, there are some that are considered common and are treated quickly and easily. In neglected cases, however, they can lead to extremely devastating consequences and complete tooth loss. And those not to recover naturally.
Caries is a dental hard tissue disease that is extremely common. One way or another, every person has encountered it. The disease can develop even in those who are very responsible for oral hygiene. There is no need to be afraid of it: caries is easy to treat at an early stage. But with a neglected problem is more difficult to deal with.
The causes of the disease are quite diverse.
Often, doctors say that caries is caused by a combination of factors, including:
- Poor nutrition, such as an excess of sweetness
- Presence of pathological microorganisms in the mouth
- The composition of the saliva
The situation is aggravated by poor oral hygiene. Incorrect brushing of teeth, the performance of this procedure once a day or even several times, lack of rinsing after a meal of sweet food, etc. – All of this leads to dental problems progressing.
You can notice caries even on your own. As a rule, these are dark-colored spots (but there are exceptions in the form of light tones) on the teeth. In addition, over time, cavity and holes form in the damaged area, which can be noticed by the naked eye but can also cause pain when eating hot and cold food. In this case, the toothache is often exacerbated by sugar intake.
The advantage of detecting such a pathology at the initial stage is that it is possible to do without using a dental drill. It is treated with the help of remineralization therapy or with special solutions that are applied to the tooth.
If a dental disease, like dental caries, is not treated in time, there is a great risk that it will result in serious illness: pulpitis. Under this name is an inflammation of the tooth cavity tissue. It is caused by various microorganisms that have been able to penetrate the tooth cavity. If there is untreated tooth decay, it is not so difficult for them to do so.
Doctors distinguish two types of pulpitis: acute and chronic. In the first case, the patient will be haunted by severe pain, which is usually increased in the evenings and at night. It may persist for a long time. The tooth can react with painful feelings to both hot and cold. The chronic variant passes without any pronounced signs.
The treatment method used is pulp removal and canal filling. These teeth are then recommended to be reinforced with crowns or special ceramic inlays.