According to statistics, only 5% of people who have been on a diet successfully lose weight, and only 5% of them then retain the result. And it turns out that it is not our fault, because we are so lazy and unwilling, but the diets themselves. Since the 40s of the last century, several thousand studies have been carried out, which have shown that 4-6 months after the end of any single and correct diet, people regain from 2 to 6 kg. And it will take 2-3 years – and almost half of the thinner people will weigh even more than before the experiments with food! More and more nutritionists, psychologists, and professionals working with food behavior, come to the disappointing conclusion: it seems that diets do not work. But why?
1. It is built on prohibitions
People tend to be very negative about any restrictions – it is one of the basic properties of our mentality. Diet is such a personal prison. The “prisoner” will be torn to the will, to the cherished fats and carbohydrates. And sooner or later he will run away and start to sweep away all the delicious, sweet and fatty things he will find himself in the way. Both rats and people in experiments tended to eat more often after periods of restriction. In other words, the more active your dietary attempts are, the more often you will find yourself in a situation where you cannot help but eat something forbidden.
By the way
Maybe dieting and the stress they cause speed up the aging process. Researchers in the United States have proven that excessive production of the stress hormone cortisol can damage telomeres, the end parts of the chromosome that protect genes from damage. Every time a cell divides, telomeres become shorter. In the end, they are shortened so much that the cell can no longer divide and dies. The signs of aging begin to appear: muscles become weaker, wrinkles become visible, eyesight and hearing become more visible, and thinking abilities deteriorate. Later research has confirmed that telomeres do shorten their dieters’ lives faster than those who do not deny themselves the pleasure of eating.
2. It makes food more attractive
This was written by Ansel Case, a scientist who conducted a major study in 1944. It was attended by pacifists who refused to fight in the Second World War, but sincerely wanted to help those who suffered from it. Case kept the volunteers on a hungry ration for six months to try out a few hunger strike scenarios. (Case planned to develop an optimal menu that could then be recommended to soldiers returning from the battlefield and to starving civilians. The diet of the volunteers was limited to 1570 kcal per day. If they ate mainly bread, potatoes, cabbage and trousers. They lost 25% of their weight in half a year, but, as Case notes, all 6 months were literally hungry. “We couldn’t think of anything else,” says one of the participants in the experiment. “Thoughts about eating take up 90% of my time,” the modern dieters often say.
3. Each time they are given more and more difficult
The first dietary attempt is usually carried out quite easily and often leads to a brilliant result – the loss of 10 kilograms or more. After a while, when the pounds gain weight again, the person who loses weight is upset, but not frightened – he also knows what to do in such cases. But this time the results will be a little worse, the diet will be harder, but he will still be able to change the size of clothes to a smaller one. This can last several cycles until one day the skinny person finds out that the usual diet no longer works.
4. It prevents you from hearing your body
Every diet has rules, schemes and, of course, a list of products that you can’t eat anymore. Instead of listening to themselves, thinners eat what someone else has thought of for them. They sit down at the table because they need to sit down, eat cottage cheese and broccoli, because they need to eat them. They become less sensitive to their desires – meanwhile, in order to lose weight and keep the result, you have to feel hunger, do not miss the feeling of saturation.
5. It slows down the metabolism
The hormones responsible for the feeling of satiety are decreasing, and those who are losing weight are becoming increasingly hungry – even if they eat the amount of food they used to eat. In conditions of constant stress, the body starts to save energy. Everything that is possible is put aside for a supply of fat. The most frustrating thing is that all these changes remain in the body not for six months and not for a year, but for much longer. It means that there is a high probability to lose less during the next diet.