Before we start talking about canker sore treatment we would like to give a definition of this disease. Canker sore (which dentists and other specialists of this profile called aphthous ulcers) or stomatitis – is one of the most common oral diseases, which people have everywhere. Up to 25% of the population has these small, painful, persistent sores that appear again after the destruction with a probability of 50%.
Canker sores may appear on the tongue, palate, inside of the cheeks or lips, or at the base of the gums. Ulcers are good except the fact that they usually are not visible. But with ulcers it will hurt you to talk, chew and swallow.
Causes of canker sores.
Canker sores are not provoked by any viruses or infections. They are hereditary, as 30-40% of patients with recurrent
Simply put, just cause of stomatitis is not known, but its common causes include:
• A weak immune system;
• Other diseases, including infectious;
• Gastro-intestinal diseases;
• Physical effects on oral tissues, including preventive cleaning of teeth and gums and too thorough cleaning of the teeth;
• Damage to the tissues of the mouth, such as biting;
• Eating food that has abrasive properties (such as potato chips, dry cereal, dried fruit), high acid foods, such as vinegar, spicy food (curry, chili and other hot sauce);
• Allergies – both food and contact;
• Although it is not yet proven, poor diet – especially a lack of vitamin B-12, folic acid and iron – may also play a role.
If you suspect you have canker sore, you should consult with your dentist to rule out a more serious type of ulcerative diseases of the oral cavity (such as herpes or cancer). Dentists who specialize in the health of the mouth, better than physicians, diagnose and treat these ulcers, particularly when necessary to distinguish them from the intraoral herpes, a contagious viral disease that can cause serious health problems in people with damaged immune systems.
The dentist will also check whether the appearance of canker sore doesn’t provoke sharp tooth surfaces or artificial devices, such as splints, braces .
Gangrenous ulcer or intraoral herpes?
Intraoral herpes is often confused with gangrenous ulcers. They have not only similar in appearance, there are about two weeks, and then arise again, but they also have common pathogens, such as stress, mechanical irritation, fever or illness. But the reasons they still are different and therefore require different treatment, too, such as:
• Gangrenous sores are not contagious, as opposed to intra-oral herpes;
• Canker sores appear on the soft tissues are constantly moving – on the inside of the cheeks, lips, and throat. Intraoral herpes is usually found in the mucous membranes such as the lips. Herpes first patient feels tingling, then his skin and then a little swelling or blisters that burst, leaving small ulcers;
• The treatment of stomatitis goes from weeks to months, depending on the species. Intraoral herpes cures, usually for 7-10 days;
• Gangrenous ulcers appear in different places of the mouth, and herpes continues to occur in the same place.
Development of gangrenous ulcers or sores: what to expect?
Gangrenous sores usually appear as one or two soft to the touch, sore red formations, round or oval in shape, of a width of 1/8 inch (in mild cases) to more than an inch (in severe cases). This soft education will soon grow to form sores with a thin, yellowish center and a bright red edge or halo. The presence of gangrenous sores in the mouth makes it difficult eating, speech, and the production of oral hygiene procedures. As the healing of ulcers pain goes away.
Small gangrenous or aphthous, ulcers kept for 1-3 weeks and do not leave scars. In contrast, large ulcers last longer and can leave scars. Finally, aphthous ulcers, the most harmful form of ulcers, appear in large numbers at the same time, the dentist may prescribe palliative care.
Canker sore treatment
Gangrenous sores usually go away. If ulcers are particularly large or painful, the dentist or physician can prescribe a local anesthetic, a tetracycline mouthwash (prescription) or corticosteroid ointment.
There are several home remedies that can alleviate pain or contribute to a rapid disappearance of stomatitis.
• Apply ice to ulcers;
• Flush with children’s diphenhydramine (trademark “Benadryl”). But do not swallow Benadryl, it can cause drowsiness;
• Apply to wounds milk or magnesia several times a day, as it will help ease the pain and heal itself;
• Take acetaminophen (in pharmacies – “Tylenol”), aspirin, or ibuprofen (in pharmacies “Advil”, “Motrin,” etc.) as simple canker sore treatment.