Usually, when you feel tightness or heaviness in your chest for a short period of time, the reason, perhaps, is not so serious. This can be caused by stress or improperly selected exercise. Heavy sweating can be a result of anxiety or fear, and pain spreading down to the left arm, can be caused by nerve entrapment in the neck.
But if the symptoms appeared simultaneously, this is a classic sign of a heart attack and need immediate medical attention.
External manifestations of a heart attack are usually frightening. Man pale, perspiring heavily, and possible vomiting. Heaviness in the chest may last a minute or two to a few hours, and the pain from the chest can spread to the left arm or localized in the shoulder. In rare cases, the pain may spread to the right arm. But do not think that the pain appeared in the right hand instead of the left, shows a heart attack.
A heart attack occurs when one of the coronary arteries that supply the heart with blood becomes blocked. This usually occurs as a result of atherosclerosis. Suddenly interrupted blood supply to a particular area of the heart muscle, which can cause permanent damage to the heart, as an interruption of the blood supply causes the death of heart muscle.
After a heart attack, a person is usually able to recover unless damaged much of the heart muscle.
What is happening in the first hours after a heart attack? It is essential to limit the damage caused to heart, and to ensure good health for the future. Call the emergency services. The main thing that you can do it without losing any time, go straight to the hospital. Using modern thrombotic thinning active substances that are administered intravenously in the emergency room increase your chances of a long life after a heart attack, as these drugs remove blood clots before a disruption of the heart muscle. Once you’re in the hospital, a special team of doctors will assess the extent of heart disease by as test anxiety exposed midriff, and new cardiac tests using fluoroscopy. The doctor will also prescribe medications to stabilize blood pressure and heart rate.
In the first few days and weeks after the attack, doctors will be occupied mainly by monitoring your heart rate and blood pressure.
Once your condition is normal, the medical team will conduct a variety of studies to determine the degree of damage and the need for surgery to open clogged blood vessels that caused the heart attack. Bypass surgery is used as a last resort, when angioplasty – non-invasive technique that uses a tiny probe to clean the blocked coronary arteries – cannot be used.
If you have no complications, relief may come in a week. After being discharged from the hospital and full recovery – which takes about a month – your doctor and other health care professionals such as psychologist, nutritionist and psychologist, will work with you to change and improve your life by paying attention to a diet low in fat, regular training exercises, not smoking, and if necessary, change your place of work, if your work involves severe physical and emotional stress. Diet is offered to most of patients who have had a heart attack, it is very simple: to limit the use of food containing animal protein, which includes chicken, fish and meat, to exclude from the diet red meat and replace high-fat dairy products to low fat cheese, milk and ice cream, and refrain from the use of fried foods. Patients is also recommended to have no more than two eggs a week, less use of butter or margarine – best olive oil – and completely exclude potato chips.
Fortunately, if a patient received appropriate rehabilitation and changed way of life, a heart attack will not mean an end to his/her active work. Many quite elderly people, who have had a heart attack, began a new life. It is not necessarily to have a heart attack when having heaviness in chest but be very careful with symptoms and better check your heart regularly.